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Eclipses கிரஹணங்கள்
ECLIPSES, 2010
Solar Eclipses சூரிய கிரஹணங்கள் Lunar Eclipses சந்திர கிரஹணங்கள்

15.1.2010 Annular   eclipse  of  the  Sun
Visible in India

11.7.2010 Total eclipse of the Sun
Not Visible in India

26.7.2010 Partial eclipse  of  the  Moon
Visible in India

21.12.2010 Total eclipse of the Moon
Not Visible in India

                           In the year 2010, there are four eclipses, two of the Sun and two of the
I-Annular  Eclipse of the Sun,  January 15, 2010, Friday.
Visible in India 

ELEMENTS  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

Universal Time of Conjunction in Right Ascension  :
January 15d  7 h 20m  20s.230

 

                                                                          

MOON

         SUN

 

  h

m

s

  h

m

   s

Right Ascension

 19

47

53.45

 19

47

53.45

Hourly  Motion

 

  

122.22

 

 

10.74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  °

'

"

°

'

"

Declination

-20

45

03.49

-21

07

32.35

Hourly Motion

 

+8

03.11

 

 

+27.59

Equatorial Horizontal Parallax

 

54

05.35

 

 

08.94

True Semi-diameter

 

14

44.30

 

16

17.12



CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal
Time

Indian
Standard Time

Latitude

Longitude

 

d

 h

m

d

 h

 m

°

'

°

'

Eclipse begins

15

04

05.4

15

09

35.4

-1

19.5

+30

27.0

Central eclipse begins

15

05

17.6

15

10

47.6

+6

58.3

+15

38.8

Greatest eclipse*

15

07

06.5

15

12

36.5

+1

37.1

+ 69

17.1

Central eclipse ends

15

08

55.4

15

14

25.4

+36

49.3

+ 121

41.2

Eclipse ends

15

10

07.6

15

15

37.6

+28

47.9

+108

11.6

*Magnitude of the eclipse = 0.920  :  Maximum duration of annular phase =  11m 04s

LOCAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE PARTIAL PHASE RELATING
TO CERTAIN PLACES IN INDIA AND NEIGHBOURHOOD

Place

Eclipse
Begins
(I.S.T.)
h    m

  P

 

    º

 V

 

    º

Greatest
Phase
(I.S.T.)
h    m

Magnit-ude

Eclipse
Ends
(I.S.T.)
h   m

P

 

º

V

 

    º

Agartala

12  16.3

231

217

14  03.0

0.856

15  31.6

64

8

Ahmedabad

11  27.2

218

243

13  22.3

0.563

15  03.5

81

42

Aizawl

12  19.6

232

216

14  05.0

0.881

15  32.7

63

6

Ajmer

11  41.7

215

232

13  31.2

0.531

15  06.8

84

45

Allahabad

11  56.7

221

225

13  47.5

0.665

15  21.0

75

28

Amritsar

11  55.7

209

221

13  35.0

0.443

15  03.0

91

57

Bangalore

11  16.5

233

262

13  23.5

0.846

15  11.1

62

8

Bhagalpur

12  08.5

225

220

13  57.0

0.755

15  27.7

70

18

Bhopal

11  40.5

220

236

13  35.7

0.635

15  14.0

76

32

Bhubaneswar

11  56.6

230

230

13  51.2

0.840

15  26.1

63

9

Cannanore

11  07.0

233

269

13  15.5

0.831

15  06.4

62

11

Chandigarh

11  57.5

211

221

13  39.4

0.488

15  08.5

87

50

Chennai

11  25.4

234

256

13  30.5

0.891

15  15.2

59

3

Cochin

11  05.7

236

273

13  14.9

0.886

15  06.0

59

5

Cooch Behar

12  15.8

226

216

14  01.5

0.772

15  30.0

69

17

Cuttack

11  57.1

230

229

13  51.5

0.835

15  26.2

64

9

Darjeeling

12  14.3

224

216

14  00.0

0.737

15  28.7

71

21

Dehra Dun

11  59.0

213

220

13  41.9

0.513

15  11.4

86

47

Delhi

11  53.2

214

225

13  39.1

0.531

15  11.0

84

44

Dibrugarh

12  28.8

230

210

14  09.4

0.834

15  33.9

66

12

Dwarka

11  15.9

217

250

13  10.3

0.524

14  54.2

84

50

Gandhinagar

11  28.2

218

242

13  23.0

0.562

15  03.8

81

42

Gangtok

12  15.5

224

215

14  00.6

0.737

15  28.9

71

21

Gaya

12  03.0

224

223

13  53.2

0.731

15  25.5

71

21

Guwahati

12  20.6

229

214

14  04.8

0.812

15  31.9

67

13

Hardwar

11  58.2

213

221

13  41.9

0.521

15  11.9

85

46

Hazaribagh

12  02.1

225

224

13  53.1

0.752

15  25.9

69

18

Hubli

11  14.4

229

260

13  20.2

0.756

15  08.4

67

19

Hyderabad

11  29.4

228

248

13  32.0

0.769

15  15.2

67

16

Imphal

12  23.7

232

214

14  07.2

0.877

15  33.5

63

7

Itanagar

12  25.8

229

211

14  07.7

0.821

15  33.2

67

13

LOCAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE PARTIAL PHASE RELATING
TO CERTAIN PLACES IN INDIA AND NEIGHBOURHOOD

Place

Eclipse
Begins
(I.S.T.)
h    m

P

 

º

V

 

º

Greatest
Phase
(I.S.T.)
h    m

Mag-nitude

Eclipse
Ends
(I.S.T.)
h    m

P

 

º

V

 

    º

Jaipur

11  45.7

215

230

13  34.6

0.541

15  09.2

83

44

Jalandhar

11  55.7

210

221

13  35.9

0.455

15  04.3

90

55

Jammu

11  58.3

208

219

13  35.4

0.425

15  01.7

92

59

Kanyakumari

11  06.0

239

276

13  15.1

0.919

15  05.7

55

358

Karaikal*

11  17.8

237

265

13  24.8

0.919

15  11.6

56

359

Kavalur

11  19.7

234

261

13  26.2

0.876

15  12.7

60

5

Kavaratti

10  55.1

234

278

13  04.6

0.812

14  59.6

64

15

Kohima

12  25.1

231

213

14  07.8

0.861

15  33.6

64

9

Kolhapur

11  15.0

226

258

13  19.4

0.713

15  07.1

70

24

Kolkata

12  07.2

229

222

13  57.5

0.834

15  29.1

65

10

Koraput

11  45.1

229

238

13  43.6

0.815

15  22.0

64

11

Kozhikode

11  06.9

234

270

13  15.7

0.851

15  06.5

61

9

Kurnool

11  24.6

229

253

13  28.9

0.795

15  13.9

65

14

Lucknow

11  57.5

219

224

13  46.4

0.623

15  19.0

78

33

Madurai*

11  12.0

237

269

13  20.2

0.919

15  09.0

57

1

Mangalore

11  07.4

232

268

13  15.4

0.800

15  06.1

64

15

Midnapore

12  04.5

229

224

13  55.7

0.819

15  28.1

65

11

Mt. Abu

11  31.9

216

239

13  24.2

0.536

15  03.2

83

46

Mumbai

11  16.7

223

254

13  18.2

0.644

15  04.5

75

33

Murshidabad

12  09.8

228

220

13  58.5

0.798

15  29.1

67

14

Muzaffarpur

12  06.4

223

220

13  54.7

0.711

15  25.7

72

23

Mysore

11  11.9

233

266

13  19.8

0.843

15  09.0

62

9

Nagapattinam*

11  17.6

237

265

13  24.6

0.919

15  11.5

56

359

Nagercoil*

11  05.3

239

277

13  14.6

0.919

15  05.4

55

359

Nagpur

11  39.9

224

238

13  37.7

0.705

15  17.1

71

23

Nainital

11  59.8

215

221

13  44.6

0.552

15  14.9

83

41

Nalgonda

11  30.3

229

248

13  32.9

0.739

15  16.0

66

14

Nashik

11  22.4

222

249

13  22.5

0.640

15  06.8

75

33

Nellore

11  27.6

232

253

13  32.0

0.858

15  16.0

61

7

Nowgong

12  22.9

229

213

14  06.2

0.824

15  32.7

66

12

Panjim

11  10.6

228

262

13  16.3

0.730

15  05.7

69

23

Patna

12  04.7

223

221

13  53.9

0.716

15  25.5

72

22

Pondicherry

11  21.6

235

260

13  27.8

0.908

15  13.5

58

1

Port Blair

12  04.6

247

231

13  54.2

0.762

15  24.1

45

338

Pune

11  18.6

224

253

13  20.8

0.670

15  06.8

73

29

Puri

11  55.8

230

230

13  50.8

0.849

15  26.0

63

8

* Indicates the places through which the annularity path passes.

LOCAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE PARTIAL PHASE RELATING
TO CERTAIN PLACES IN INDIA AND NEIGHBOURHOOD

Place

 

 

Eclipse
Begins
(I.S.T.)
h    m

P

 

º

V

 

º

Greatest
Phase
(I.S.T.)
h    m

Magnit-ude

Eclipse
Ends
(I.S.T.)
h    m

P

 

º

V

 

    º

Raipur

11  47.2

225

234

13  43.7

0.747

15  21.1

69

19

Rajamundry

11  38.4

230

243

13  39.4

0.836

15  20.0

63

9

Rajkot

11  20.3

218

248

13  15.9

0.550

14  59.1

82

45

Rameswaram*

11  14.0

239

269

13  21.7

0.919

15  09.6

55

357

Ranchi

12  01.2

226

225

13  52.9

0.766

15  26.1

68

17

Sambalpur

11  53.9

227

230

13  48.7

0.782

15  24.2

67

15

Shillong

12  20.1

229

215

14  04.7

0.827

15  32.1

66

12

Sibsagar

12  27.7

230

211

14  08.9

0.840

15  33.8

66

11

Silchar

12  21.1

231

215

14  05.6

0.858

15  32.8

64

9

Siliguri

12  14.2

225

216

14  00.1

0.747

15  28.9

71

20

Silvassa

11  20.7

221

250

13  20.4

0.622

15  05.0

77

35

Simla

11  59.0

211

220

13  40.3

0.485

15  08.8

88

50

Sivaganga*

11  15.0

238

268

13  22.6

0.919

15  10.2

55

357

Srinagar

12  01.7

206

216

13  35.7

0.401

14  59.9

94

63

Sringeri

11  10.3

231

265

13  17.7

0.797

15  07.5

65

15

Tamenlong

12  23.1

232

214

14  06.8

0.867

15  33.3

64

8

Tanjore*

11  16.9

236

265

13  24.2

0.919

15  11.4

57

0

Thimpu

12  17.8

225

214

14  02.2

0.750

15  29.8

71

19

Thiruvarur*

11  17.1

237

265

13  24.3

0.919

15  11.3

56

359

Tiruneveli*

11  07.9

238

274

13  16.8

0.919

15  06.8

56

359

Trichur

11  06.7

235

272

13  15.7

0.874

15  06.5

60

6

Trivandrum*

11  05.1

238

276

13  14.5

0.919

15  05.5

56

0

Udaipur

11  34.4

216

238

13  27.1

0.552

15  05.6

82

43

Ujjain

11  36.0

219

238

13  31.4

0.610

15  10.7

78

35

Vadodara

11  26.8

219

244

13  23.3

0.587

15  05.2

79

39

Varanasi

11  59.2

222

224

13  49.7

0.687

15  22.7

73

25

Vijaywada

11  34.0

230

247

13  36.2

0.826

15  18.2

63

10

Chittagong

12  15.6

233

218

14  02.9

0.897

15  31.8

61

4

Colombo

11  12.1

242

275

13  19.5

0.901

15  07.4

51

351

Dhaka

12  14.1

230

218

14  01.6

0.844

15  31.0

64

9

Islamabad

11  57.6

206

218

13  31.5

0.385

14  56.1

96

66

Karachi

11  18.0

213

246

13  06.1

0.452

14  46.6

90

62

Kathmandu

12  08.8

221

218

13  55.1

0.675

15  24.9

75

27

Lahore

11  54.3

209

221

13  33.5

0.436

15  01.6

91

58

Rawalpindi

11  57.1

206

218

13  31.2

0.386

14  56.0

96

66

Yangon

11  51.3

234

235

13  48.4

0.916

15  24.8

58

0

* Indicates the places through which the annularity path passes.

TABLE OF ANNULAR PHASE OF CERTAIN PLACES IN INDIA FOR ANNULAR ECLIPSE ON
JANUARY 15, 2010

Place

Annularity
begins
(second contact)
(I.S.T)
h   m   s

Greatest phase

 

   (I.S.T)
h   m   s

Annularity ends
(third contact)
(I.S.T)
h   m   s

Duration of
Annularity

 

     m    s

Kanayakumari

13  10  09.5

13  15  08.6

13  20  07.8

9  58

Karaikal

13  21  00.2

13  24  48.8

13  28  37.5

7  37

Madurai

13  18  44.9

13  20  14.2

13  21  43.4

2  58

Nagapattinam

13  20  39.4

13  24  38.6

13  28  37.8

7  58

Nagercoil

13  09  47.1

13  14  35.5

13  19  24.0

9  37

Rameswaram

13  16  41.0

13  21  44.9

13  26  48.9

10  08

Sivaganga

13  17  37.3

13  22  35.0

13  27  32.8

9  56

Tanjore

13  20  33.1

13  23  34.8

13  26  36.5

6  03

Thiruvananthapuram

13  10  50.8

13  14  28.5

13  18  06.2

7  15

Thiruvarur

13 20  33.1

13  24  16.6

13  28  00.0

7  27

Tiruneveli

13  12  25.0

13  16  47.8

13  21  10.6

8  46


III-Total  Eclipse of the Sun,  July 11, 2010, Sunday
Not visible in India


ELEMENTS  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

Universal Time of Conjunction in Right Ascension  :  July 21d  19 h  50m  54s.698

 

                                                                          

MOON

         SUN

 

h

m

s

   h

m

s

Right Ascension

7

24

00.54

7

24

00.54

Hourly  Motion

 

 

154.33

 

 

10.19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

°

'

"

°

'

"

Declination

  21

20

00.00

22

02

05.04

Hourly Motion

 

-08

31.41

 

 

-20.40

Equatorial Horizontal Parallax

 

60

21.28

 

 

08.65

True Semi-diameter

 

16

26.73

 

15

45.45



CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal
Time

Indian
Standard Time

Latitude

Longitude

 

d

 h

 m

d

 h

 m

°

'

°

'

Eclipse begins

 11

17

09.6

11

22

39.6

-11

39.0

-161

13.7

Central eclipse begins

 11

18

16.8

11

23

46.8

-26

51.6

-170

59.3

Greatest eclipse*

 11

19

33.5

12

01

03.5

-19

45.2

-121

52.1

Central eclipse ends

 11

20

50.0

12

02

20.0

-50

51.6

- 70

55.8

Eclipse ends

 11

21

57.2

12

03

27.2

-36

47.4

- 75

31.8

*Magnitude of the eclipse = 1.059:   Maximum duration of total phase = 5m 25s
BESSELIAN  ELEMENTS OF THE TOTAL  ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, JULY 11

II- Partial Eclipse of the Moon, June  26, 2010, Saturday.
Visible in India

        Eclipse will be visible in the region covering eastern Asia, Australiasia, Antarctica, parts of  the Americas and the  Pacific Ocean.
The places from where the beginning of the umbral phase is visible at the time of moonset during eclipse in the western horizon are the central parts of South America, north Atlantic Ocean, north-eastern parts of United States of America, central parts of Canada and Arctic Ocean.
The places from where the ending of umbral phase is visible at the time of moonrise during eclipse in the eastern horizon are Indian Ocean, extreme north-east part of India, middle of China, Mongolia and north-east part of Russia.
The ending of the eclipse is visible from the extreme north-eastern part of India at the time of moonrise during eclipse in the eastern horizon.


ELEMENTS  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

Universal Time of  Opposition in Right Ascension  :  June  26d  11 h  27m  21s.963

 

                                                                        

MOON

SUN

 

h

m

s

h

m

s

Right Ascension

18

20

46.60

6

20

46.60

Hourly  Motion

 

 

135.95

 

 

10.39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

°

'

"

°

'

"

Declination

-24

00

50.27

23

21

08.57

Hourly Motion

 

+3

58.90

 

 

-05.15

Equatorial Horizontal Parallax

 

55

29.97

 

 

08.65

True Semi-diameter

 

15

07.30

 

15

45.60



CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal
Time

 

Indian
Standard Time

Position Angle measured  from the North Point of Moon’s Limb (N.E.S.W.)

The Moon being
in the Zenith in

 

Latitude

 

Longitude

 

d

h

m

d

h

 m

°

°

'

°

'

Moon enters penumbra

26

08

55.5

26

14

25.5

56

-24

11

-134

31

Moon enters umbra

26

10

16.5

26

15

46.5

37

-24

05

-154

05

Middle of the eclipse*

26

11

38.5

26

17

08.5

- -

-24

00

-173

48

Moon leaves umbra

26

13

00.3

26

18

30.3

307

-23

55

166

28

Moon leaves penumbra

26

14

21.4

26

19

51.4

289

-23

49

146

54


*Magnitude of the eclipse =0.542 (Moon’s diam =1.0). Distance between the centers at middle= 2360".7
Radius of shadow cone at Moon’s distance : Penumbra 4363".9,  Umbra 2435''.1
EASTERN  AND  WESTERN  LIMITS  OF  VISIBILITY

The eclipse is visible in the region west of the eastern limit and east of the western limit. Here,
Moonset and Moonrise times relate to visibility of the center of the Moon on the horizon.

IV- Total Eclipse of the Moon, December  21, 2010, Tuesday.
Not visible in India.

Eclipse will be visible in the region covering Europe, west Africa, the Americas, the Pacific Ocean, eastern  Australia, the Philippines and eastern and northern Asia.
The places from where the beginning of the umbral phase is visible at the time of moonset during eclipse in the western horizon are the South Atlantic Ocean, parts of Europe and Arctic Ocean.
The places from where the ending of umbral phase is visible at the time of moonrise during eclipse in the eastern horizon are New Zealand, Australia, Indonesia, middle of China, central part of Russia and Arctic Ocean.

ELEMENTS  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

Universal Time of  Opposition in Right Ascension  :  June  21d  8 h  13m  37s.963

 

                                                                        

MOON

SUN

 

h

 m

s

 h

m

s

Right Ascension

5

57

08.95

17

57

08.95

Hourly  Motion

 

 

149.97

 

 

11.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

°

'

"

°

'

"

Declination

23

44

57.01

-23

26

09.89

Hourly Motion

 

-3

02.19

 

 

-00.75

Equatorial Horizontal Parallax

 

58

14.25

 

 

08.94

True Semi-diameter

 

15

52.14

 

16

17.05



CIRCUMSTANCES  OF  THE  ECLIPSE

 

 

Universal
Time

 

Indian
Standard Time

Position Angle measured  from the North Point of Moon’s Limb (N.E.S.W.)

The Moon being
in the Zenith in

 

Latitude

 

Longitude

 

d

h

m

d

h

 m

°

°

'

   °

'

Moon enters penumbra

21

5

27.7

21

10

57.7

107

+23

53

-84

04

Moon enters umbra

21

6

32.3

21

12

02.3

114

+23

50

-99

35

Moon enters totality

21

7

40.4

21

13

10.4

139

+23

47

-115

57

Middle of the eclipse*

21

8

17.0

21

13

47.0

- -

+23

45

-124

43

Moon leaves totality

21

8

53.6

21

14

23.6

232

+23

43

-133

29

Moon leaves umbra

21

10

01.7

21

15

31.7

257

+23

39

-149

51

Moon leaves penumbra

21

11

06.1

21

16

36.1

264

+23

36

-165

21

*Magnitude of the eclipse =1.261 (Moon’s diam =1.0). Distance between the centers at middle= 1122''.8
Radius of shadow cone at Moon’s distance : Penumbra 4564".8,  Umbra 2570''.8                                                                
EASTERN  AND  WESTERN  LIMITS  OF  VISIBILITY
The eclipse is visible in the region west of the eastern limit and east of the western limit. Here,
Moonset and Moonrise times relate to visibility of the center of the Moon on the horizon.

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Thanks to Positional Astronomy Centre, Govt of India